Magnetic Therapy and Insomnia; a pulsed electro magnetic field (PEMF) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation bibliography

Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (PEMF therapy) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS/TMS) research suggests pulsed magnetic field can induce sleep and relaxation in insomnia and other sleep disorders. Back in the 1960's or 70's the Soviets developed "ElectroSleep" technology that was soon dismissed by the west as b.s. In actuality electric stim should work nearly as well as pulsed electromagnetic fields if the rate of repetition is in the low-Alpha, Theta or Delta range though this technology would be uncomfortable and cannot be controlled wirelessly without exposing the brain/body to radio frequency fields. Similarly wireless sleep monitoring equipment detrimentally effects sleep hygiene and cannot give an accurate picture of your sleep.

The National Sleep Foundation says school-age children (5-10 years old) need 10-11 hours of sleep, teens 8 - 9  hours and adults 7-9 hours (NSF - How much sleep do we really need?). From recent surveys conducted nearly 30% of adults reported an average of ≤6 hours of sleep per night, only 31% of high school students reported getting at least 8 hours of sleep on average and infants and toddlers woke many more times per night than they did 20 years ago while sleeping much less. All this in the wireless age which we believe is the cuprit

Obesity and Lack of Good Quality Sleep

Sleep problems can also contribute to obesity. A 1999 study at the University of Chicago found impair metabolism and disrupted hormone levels after restricting 11 healthy young adults to four hours' sleep for six nights. Their ability to process glucose in the blood had declined to prediabetic levels. Just 4 nights!

A follow-up study tested healthy men and women. Half were normal sleepers - half averaged less than 6 1/2 sleep per night. Glucose tolerance in the short sleepers were experiencing hormonal changes that could affect their future body weight and impair long-term health. To keep their blood sugar levels normal, the short sleepers required body to make 30% more insulin than the long sleepers. Both studies by Eve Van Cauter, PhD, who termed sleep deprivation "the route to obesity". Despite not being overweight these young adults had hormone profiles that predisposed them to gaining weight.

Van Cauter's research showed that people who don't sleep have hormonal abnormalities that may increase appetite and calorie intake. Leptin [an appetite stimulating hormone] falls in subjects when sleep deprived, which promotes appetite for junk food.

Sometimes the best way to treat obesity can be to treat an underlying sleep problem.

There have been just a few studies suggesting that Delta-rhythm frequency pulsed magnetic therapy or repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has reduced insomnia and other sleeping disorders. In '06-'07 these two on-point studies proved Delta-rhythm signals would in fact increase Delta wave sleep. EarthPulse™ success rate at 96%+ is proof positive this simple technology improves sleep, physical and mental performance, and will have you feeling a decade (or two) younger in 90-days or your money back.

Check our client feedback forms here.

Curious side effects are enhanced wellbeing, improved blood oxygenation, more strength & stamina, improved hand-eye, balance and motor synchronization, improved hormone profiles including thyroid function.

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plus $49 UPS world-express-saver shipping


Frequency Specific Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) Therapy Research:

Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research bibliographies and videos are for informational purposes only and not to be mistaken as promotional material for EarthPulse™ BioMagnetic Field Supplementation / Sleep on Command™

Over one thousand pulsed electromagnetic field therapy citations are contained in our research bibliographies; most are linked directly to PubMed a service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine and the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

See also; Sandyk R, Anninos PA , Jacobson JI; three pioneers of electromagnetic field therapy to treat Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and epilepsy.

PEMF & Electromedicine History - Background:

introduction to electromedicine

brain wave entrainment

brain wave entrainment II

Electromagnetism & Life: Drs Robert O. Becker and Andrew Marino (full book pdf)

The Body Electric: the classic by Robert O. Becker, MD (full book pdf)

Garry Null - BioMagnetic Healing Book

Toxic EMF vs. Therapeutic PEMF: terrific video explaining why EMF is bad and PEMF is good

Dr. Oz Show Episode on Pulsed Magnetic Field Therapy (14 minutes longest version video)

Dr. Oz on PEMF Therapy (Sleep on Command™  out- performs every technology mentioned)

Dr. Oz: How Pulsed Magnetic Fields Heal (generally accurate but absent any discussion of mitochondrial effect)


PEMF Research By Effect:

Alzheimer's and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic fields

anti-aging and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

arthritis and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

athletic performance enhancement / ergogenic effects of  pulsed electromagnetic field therapy

autism and pulsed electromagnetic field therapy / rTMS repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation

bone / connective tissue regeneration and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

depression and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

EMF protection - electropollution research (your brain and your wireless technologies)

endometriosis and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic fields

epilepsy and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

fibromyalgia and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

insomnia and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

migraine headache and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

multiple sclerosis and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

nerve regeneration / spinal cord injury (SCI) & frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

neuropathy and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

osteoporosis and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

pain and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

Parkinson's disease and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

sleep and radio frequency microwave telecommunications fields

Sleep on Command™ pulsed magnetic sleep-machine

stroke and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

thyroid and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

tinnitus and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS / TMS) research

wound healing and frequency specific pulsed electromagnetic field therapy research

EarthPulse™ research conducted since 2002:

video evidence

client feedback forms

chronic lower back pain/sleep study

magnetic fields in the news


Insomnia and Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy / rTMS Bibliography


Efficacy of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in the Treatment of Patients with Chronic Primary Insomnia.
Jiang CG, Zhang T, Yue FG, Yi ML, Gao D.
Cell Biochem Biophys. 2013 Jun 25. [Epub ahead of print]

disturbed intracortical excitability a stable trait of chronic insomnia? A study using transcranial magnetic stimulation before and after multimodal sleep therapy.
van der Werf YD, Altena E, van Dijk KD, Strijers RL, De Rijke W, Stam CJ, van Someren EJ.
Biol Psychiatry. 2010 Nov 15;68(10):950-5. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2010.06.028. Epub 2010 Aug 21.

Beneficial effect of transcranial magnetic stimulation on sleep in Parkinson's disease.
van Dijk KD, Møst EI, Van Someren EJ, Berendse HW, van der Werf YD.
Mov Disord. 2009 Apr 30;24(6):878-84. doi: 10.1002/mds.22462.


Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 May 15;104(20):8496-501. Epub 2007 May 4. Links
Triggering sleep slow waves by transcranial magnetic stimulation.
Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, 6001 Research Park Boulevard, Madison, WI 53719, USA.


Nature. 2006 Nov 30;444(7119):610-3. Epub 2006 Nov 5. Links
Boosting slow oscillations during sleep potentiates memory.
University of Lübeck, Department of Neuroendocrinology, Haus 23a, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538 Lübeck, Germany.

Psychiatr Prax. 2007 Jan;34(1 Suppl):77-8.  Links (INTERESTING THAT THIS STUDY HAS BEEN REMOVED FROM PUBMED)
[rTMS for the Treatment of Insomnia - Two Case Reports.]
Fachklinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Bezirkskrankenhaus Wollershof.


ADVANCES IN THERAPY
Volume 18, Number 4, 174-180, DOI: 10.1007/BF02850111
Impulse magnetic-field therapy for insomnia: A double-blind, placebo-controlled study
Rainer B. Pelka, Christof Jaenicke and Joerg Gruenwald
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2005 Oct;86(10):2018-26.Click here to read Links
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi. 2004 Apr;21(2):219-24. Related Articles, Links

[Study on the influence of simulative EEG modulation magnetic field on the discharge of median raphe nuclei]

[Article in Chinese]

Wang M, Li Y, Wang X, Guo M.

College of Precision Instrument and Opto-electronics Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China.

In this paper the response characteristic of the nerve fiber to the modulation magnetic field induction. The modulation magnetic field is coupled into the rabbit's brain to study the influence of magnetic stimulation on the discharge of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) nerve cell. The experiment results demonstrate that discharge frequency of median raphe nuclei related to sleep changes significantly and the discharge becomes slow, which shows that magnetic stimulation can inhibit electrical activity of 5-HT nerve cell and provide a new way to improve insomnia.

PMID: 15143544 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

J Neurosci. 2004 Nov 3;24(44):9985-92. Links
Transcranial direct current stimulation during sleep improves declarative memory.
Institute of Neuroendocrinology H23a, University of Lübeck, 23538 Lübeck, Germany.
Psychiatry Res. 2001 Jul 1;107(1):1-9.  Links
High frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the left dorsolateral cortex: EEG topography during waking and subsequent sleep.
Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
This study uses 80% motor threshold for one session only...showing slight reduction in time to sleep and small increase in stage 4 (
Sleep. 1996 May;19(4):327-36. Related Articles, Links

Effects of low energy emission therapy in chronic psychophysiological insomnia.

Pasche B, Erman M, Hayduk R, Mitler MM, Reite M, Higgs L, Kuster N, Rossel C, Dafni U, Amato D, Barbault A, Lebet JP.

Symtonic USA, Inc., New York, New York 10162, USA.

The treatment of chronic psychophysiological insomnia presents a challenge that has not been met using currently available pharmacotherapy. Low energy emission therapy (LEET) has been developed as a potential alternative therapy for this disorder. LEET consists of amplitude-modulated electromagnetic fields delivered intrabuccally by means of an electrically conducting mouthpiece in direct contact with the oral mucosa. The therapeutic action of LEET differs from that of currently available drug therapies in that the sleep pattern noted in insomniacs following LEET treatment more closely resembles nocturnal physiological sleep. This novel treatment may offer an attractive alternative therapy for chronic insomnia.

PMID: 8776791 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Bioelectromagnetics. 1994;15(1):67-75. Related Articles, Links

Sleep inducing effect of low energy emission therapy.

Reite M, Higgs L, Lebet JP, Barbault A, Rossel C, Kuster N, Dafni U, Amato D, Pasche B.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver.

The sleep inducing effect of a 15 min treatment with either an active or an inactive Low Energy Emission Therapy (LEET) device emitting amplitude-modulated electromagnetic (EM) fields was investigated in a double-blind cross-over study performed on 52 healthy subjects. All subjects were exposed to both active and inactive LEET treatment sessions, with an interval of at least 1 week between the two sessions. LEET consists of 27.12 MHz amplitude-modulated (sine wave) EM fields emitted intrabuccally by means of an electrically conducting mouthpiece in direct contact with the oral mucosa. The active treatment consisted of EM fields intermittently amplitude-modulated (sine wave) at 42.7 Hz for 3 s followed by a pause of 1 s during which no EM fields were emitted. During the inactive treatment no EM fields were emitted. Baseline EEGs were obtained and 15 min post-treatment EEGs were recorded and analyzed according to the Loomis classification. A significant decrease (paired t test) in sleep latency to stage B2 (-1.78 +/- 5.57 min, P = 0.013), and an increase in the total duration of stage B2 (1.15 +/- 2.47 min, P = 0.0008) were observed on active treatment as compared with inactive treatment.

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2002 Apr 19;127(16):872

Sleep disorders caused by electrosmog?

Schweisfurth H.

Klinikum, Thiemstrasse 111, 03048 Cottbus.

Adv Ther. 2001 Jul-Aug;18(4):174-80.
Impulse magnetic-field therapy for insomnia: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
Pelka RB, Jaenicke C, Gruenwald J.
Universitat der Bundeswehr Munchen Neubiberg/Munich, Germany.
70% (n = 34) of the patients given active treatment experienced substantial or even complete relief of their complaints; 24% (n = 12) reported clear improvement; 6% (n = 3) noted a slight improvement.

J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2002 Summer;14(3):270-6.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment of comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder and major depression.
Rosenberg PB, Mehndiratta RB, Mehndiratta YP, Wamer A, Rosse RB, Balish M.
Mental Health Service Line, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, DC 20422, USA.

Seventy-five percent of the patients had a clinically significant antidepressant response after rTMS, and 50% had sustained response at 2-month follow-up. Comparable improvements were seen in anxiety, hostility, and insomnia, but only minimal improvement in PTSD symptoms. Left frontal cortical rTMS may have promise for treating depression in PTSD, but there may be a dissociation between treating mood and treating core PTSD symptoms.

about 100 tms/rtms studies at rTMS/TMS

Crit Rev Biomed Eng. 2001;29(1):125-33
Investigation of brain potentials in sleeping humans exposed to the electromagnetic field of mobile phones.

Lebedeva NN, Sulimov AV, Sulimova OP, Korotkovskaya TI, Gailus T.

Institute of Higher Nerve Activity and Neurophysiology, Russian Academy of Sciences.

Clin Neurophysiol. 2000 Nov;111(11):1936-41.
Nocturnal magnetic field exposure: gender-specific effects on heart rate variability and sleep.
Graham C, Sastre A, Cook MR, Gerkovich MM.
Midwest Research Institute, 425 Volker Boulevard, Kansas City, MO 64110, USA.

Med Hypotheses 2000 Apr;54(4):630-3
The effects of natural and man-made electromagnetic fields on mood and behavior: the role of sleep disturbances.

Sher L.

The author further suggests that the development of sleep abnormalities in persons exposed to artificial electromagnetic fields may predict the onset of a psychiatric disorder at a later time and that early intervention may prevent the onset of a psychiatric disease.

J Sleep Res. 1999 Mar;8(1):77-81.
A 50-Hz electromagnetic field impairs sleep.

Akerstedt T, Arnetz B, Ficca G, Paulsson LE, Kallner A.

National Institute for Psychosocial Factors and Health, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.

Int J Neurosci. 1991 Aug;59(4):259-62.
Age-related disruption of circadian rhythms: possible relationship to memory impairment and implications for therapy with magnetic fields.

Sandyk R, Anninos PA, Tsagas N.

Department of Psychiatry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY 10461.

Efficiency of transcranial electrostimulation on anxiety and insomnia symptoms during a washout period in depressed patients. A double-blind study.
Philip P, Demotes-Mainard J, Bourgeois M, Vincent JD.
Biol Psychiatry. 1991 Mar 1;29(5):451-6.

Sleep. 1996 May;19(4):327-36.
Effects of low energy emission therapy in chronic psychophysiological insomnia.
Pasche B, Erman M, Hayduk R, Mitler MM, Reite M, Higgs L, Kuster N, Rossel C, Dafni U, Amato D, Barbault A, Lebet JP.
The number of sleep cycles per night increased by 30% after active treatment (p = 0.0001) but was unchanged following inactive treatment. Subjects did not experience rebound insomnia, and there were no significant side effects. The data presented in this report indicate that LEET administered for 20 minutes three times a week increased TST and reduced SL in chronic psychophysiological insomnia. LEET is safe and well tolerated and it effectively improved the sleep of chronic insomniacs given 12 treatments over a 4-week period by increasing the number of sleep cycles without altering the percentage of the various sleep stages during the night. The therapeutic action of LEET differs from that of currently available drug therapies in that the sleep pattern noted in insomniacs following LEET treatment more closely resembles nocturnal physiological sleep. This novel treatment may offer an attractive alternative therapy for chronic insomnia.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bioelectromagnetics. 1994;15(1):67-75.  Related Articles, Links
Sleep inducing effect of low energy emission therapy.
Reite M, Higgs L, Lebet JP, Barbault A, Rossel C, Kuster N, Dafni U, Amato D, Pasche B.
Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver.
The sleep inducing effect of a 15 min treatment with either an active or an inactive Low Energy Emission Therapy (LEET) device emitting amplitude-modulated electromagnetic (EM) fields was investigated in a double-blind cross-over study performed on 52 healthy subjects. A significant decrease (paired t test) in sleep latency to stage B2 (-1.78 +/- 5.57 min, P = 0.013), and an increase in the total duration of stage B2 (1.15 +/- 2.47 min, P = 0.0008) were observed on active treatment as compared with inactive treatment.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

[Effect of transcranial electrical stimulation on sleep in rats].
Lendais I, Chaouloff F, Laude D, Limoge A, Elghozi JL.
C R Seances Soc Biol Fil. 1989;183(4):329-36. French.

Med Pr. 1983;34(1):65-73.
[Health status of the workers exposed to strong, constant magnetic fields]
[Article in Polish]
Lankosz J, Tokarz J, Weselucha P, Ochmanski W, Gzyl E, Barbaro B, Gatarski J, Drozdzewicz L, Kielar I.
Forty two workers underwent examinations under clinical conditions. Most subjects, mainly those of long length of employment in e-m fields exposure, exhibited nonspecific abdominal pains, general weakness, insomnia, increased thirst and conjunctivitis.

PMID: 6865739 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cesk Neurol Neurochir. 1976 Jan;39(1):1-11.  Related Articles, Links
[Use of magnetic fields and electronic noise in the treatment of insomnia and neurosis]
[Article in Czech]
Grunner O.
PMID: 1082800 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arch Mal Prof. 1971 Oct-Nov;32(10):679-83.  Related Articles, Links
[Study of biological disturbances in O.R.T.F. technicians in some high-frequency electromagnetic fields]
[Article in French]
Deroche M.
PMID: 5290081

End Insomnia and Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy / rTMS Bibliography